Health & Fitness

The Friendship Recession: A Growing Concern in Modern Society

The Friendship Recession: A Growing Concern in Modern Society

Friendships are essential for our well-being, providing a support system that helps us navigate through life’s challenges. They play a significant role in our mental and physical health, with numerous studies suggesting that having close friends can positively impact our overall well-being. 

On the flip side, being without friends or feeling lonely can be as detrimental to our health as smoking 15 cigarettes a day.

A concerning trend, the “friendship recession,” has been coined by Daniel Cox, a scholar at the American Enterprise Institute. This term refers to the rise in the number of people who lack a certain number of close friends and have fewer people to turn to during times of crisis. 

As society continues to evolve, it’s crucial to pay attention to this often-underappreciated aspect of human relationships.

Factors contributing to the decline in friendships

One of the main factors contributing to the decline in friendships is increased geographical mobility. As people move away from their hometowns in search of better career opportunities or education, their friendship networks become stretched, making it difficult to maintain close connections.

Another contributing factor is the increased focus on parenting and work. Parents often dedicate more time to their children’s needs in today’s fast-paced world, leaving less time for cultivating friendships. 

Additionally, the rise of “workism” has led many individuals to prioritize their careers over personal relationships, further impacting the quality and quantity of friendships.

Breakdown of relationships and its impact on friendship groups

The breakdown of romantic relationships can also have a significant effect on friendships. As couples separate, the friendship groups formed during their relationship often shatter, leading to a decline in the number of close friends for both parties.

The role of technology and the decline of traditional institutions

Lastly, the role of technology cannot be ignored. While technology has made it easier to connect with people worldwide, it has also contributed to the decline of traditional institutions, such as family, marriage, and religion. 

As a result, people are more inclined to seek social connections outside of these institutions, emphasizing the importance of friendships. However, the same technology that connects us can also contribute to a more superficial form of connection, which may not always translate to deep, lasting friendships.

The impact of the friendship recession on different demographics


The friendship recession has notably impacted different demographics, especially young men. In recent times, the number of young men without close friends has risen significantly, with 15% reporting no close friends today compared to just 3% in the 1990s. 

This five-fold increase demonstrates how the friendship recession has affected this particular demographic. Another concerning trend is the decline in young men turning to close friends for support during difficult times. 

Back in the 1990s, nearly half (45%) of young men reported turning to a close friend for support during a crisis. Today, that number has dropped to 22%. In fact, more young men (36%) now say they would turn to their parents for support instead.

The gender gap in the impact of the pandemic on friendships

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a unique effect on friendships, with a noticeable gender gap emerging. More than half of women reported losing touch with some of their friends during the pandemic, which may be due to the fact that female friendships often rely more on face-to-face interactions. 

In contrast, male friendships tend to be more activity-based or technology-mediated, making them potentially less vulnerable to the impact of pandemic-related social restrictions.

The consequences of the friendship recession

One of the consequences of the friendship recession is a reduced access to opportunities that often arise through social connections. Friends can act as valuable sources of information and connections, leading to job offers, networking opportunities, or other life-enhancing experiences. 

Without a strong network of friends, individuals may miss out on these potential benefits. The decline in friendships also has negative implications for both mental and physical health. 

The absence of a support system can lead to feelings of isolation and loneliness, harming one’s mental well-being. 

Moreover, research suggests that having friends can be protective of our health in various ways, highlighting the importance of fostering and maintaining close relationships.

If the friendship recession continues to worsen, we could be heading towards a dystopian future where individuals become increasingly isolated, lonely, and potentially in poorer health. 

To avoid such a bleak scenario, society must recognize the importance of friendships and actively work to create environments that facilitate the formation and nurturing of these vital relationships.

Overcoming the friendship recession

Addressing the friendship recession requires deliberate efforts from individuals to foster and maintain meaningful relationships. Friendships do not simply bloom on their own; they are more akin to woodworking projects that need continuous work and attention. 


By actively seeking out opportunities to form and nurture friendships, individuals can help reverse the trend of declining social connections.

Another crucial step in overcoming the friendship recession is recognizing and admitting the desire for friendship. This requires a level of vulnerability, as it involves revealing one’s needs and desires. 

As people age, a sense of shame may be associated with not having enough friends, making it harder to express this need. However, by acknowledging the longing for companionship, individuals can create space for new friendships to form and flourish.

Organizations can also significantly combat the friendship recession by prioritizing employee well-being and facilitating social interactions among coworkers. 

By creating an environment that encourages collaboration, teamwork, and camaraderie, organizations can help foster stronger connections between employees, leading to lasting friendships outside the workplace.


The friendship recession is a pressing issue that warrants attention for the well-being of individuals and society as a whole. Strong friendships not only offer emotional support and opportunities but also contribute to improved mental and physical health. 

By tackling the factors contributing to the decline in friendships and promoting a culture that values social connections, we can work towards reversing the negative trends associated with the friendship recession.

Cultivating stronger connections and friendships in modern society has the potential to bring about numerous benefits. As individuals become more connected and supported, they are likely to experience increased happiness, better mental and physical health, and improved access to opportunities. 

In turn, a more socially connected society can lead to greater collaboration, innovation, and overall well-being for all its members. By addressing the friendship recession and fostering meaningful relationships, we can help create a brighter future for individuals and society as a whole.